Integrated analysis of dietary patterns and agricultural practices for sustainable food systems in Luxembourg
lighthouse project: optimization of organic materials cycles of viticulture in luxembourg
Grape marc - from underrated waste product to regionally produced premium fertilizer
Locally produced compost products help to promote humus formation and thus help to protect the climate. The aim of the project is to promote wide support for compost products. There will be demonstration windrows and demonstration plots that can be used for composting courses and workshops. The courses are aimed at farmers, winegrowers and private individuals. In addition, information events and communication activities are carried out that appeal to all social groups.
“schlassbierg” pilot project
The aim of the project is to abandon the use of all mineral fertilisers and chemical-synthetic pesticides in order to analyse the impact that this agricultural practices have on the drinking water quality of the springs. The following questions are addressed in this context:
• What implications does the described procedural change have for the quality of the drinking water springing from the two reinforced sources as well as for the quality of the water springing from the three wild sources, respectively?
• What changes are necessary in order to achieve stable yields despite not using pesticides and mineral fertilisers?
• What levels will crop shortfalls reach?
Sustainable and resource-efficient protein production using various mechanical weed control methods in grain legume cultivation; using soybean as an example
The LeguTec project will test and compare different mechanical weed control techniques on three organic farms in Luxembourg as well as at the Lycée Technique Agricole from spring 2018 onwards. The aim of this project is to find the best possible mechanical weed control method for soybean cultivation in terms of site, weed pressure and yield. This project will also show what modern possibilities exist in mechanical weed control in grain legume cultivation, to promote a sustainable and resource-efficient protein production in Luxembourg.
holistic sustainability assessment of farms
SMART (Sustainability Monitorung and Assessment RouTine)-Farm Tool
To adress these questions, the FiBL (Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau, Schweiz) developed the SMART-Farm Tool (Sustainability Monitoring and Assessment RouTine). SMART is a tool for sustainability assessment and evaluation of farms and food companies. It is based on the SAFA-sustainability guidelines (Sustainability Assessment of Food and Agriculture Systems) of the FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) published in December of 2013. These guidelines divide sustainability in 21 themes and 58 sub-themes in the four dimensions of economics, ecology, social and corporate management. The FAO has developed a specific sustainability goal for each of these sub-themes. The objective of the SAFA-guidelines is to give meaning to the concept of sustainability, to support actors in the food production and to assure the implementation of improvements in sustainability. The guidelines provide a uniform framework which allows for a transparent and comparable evaluation of businesses and farms of various types and sizes.
After training at FiBL Switzerland, the IBLA is now able to measure, analyse and compare the different sustainability objectives of Luxembourgish farms using the SMART-Farm Tool. The pilot project “Complete Sustainability Assessment of Farms“ is a cooperation of IBLA, SFS GmbH (Sustainable Food Systems) and FiBL (Sustainable Food Systems) Switzerland.
in organic agriculture in Luxembourg
Variety trials conducted by IBLA for organic agriculture are:
• Winter cereals (winter wheat, winter rye, winter triticale)
• Summer cereals (summer wheat, oats, summer barley
• Peas and field beans
• Summer cereal variety trials in 2014-2016
• Soybean variety trials in 2014
• Clover grass mixture variety trials in 2013-2015
• Pea and faba bean variety trials since 2016
• Potato variety trials since 2016
eu projekt autograssmilk
grassland and animal health eifel
The optimization of permanent grassland, the pasture management, the perennial field forage cultivation and the fodder conservation, in order to improve the efficiency, animal health, value and environmental compatibility of the dairy production in the grassland region.
The objectives of the project are:
• Analysing grassland and forage production with regard to their yields while taking into account their fertilization and cutting times.
• Improving the silage process by reducing the pure protein degradation and indicating alternatives to the silage process.
• Analysing the influence of the grassland and forage production, as well as the conservation methods on the basic feed intake and animal health of the dairy cow, thus improving the profitability of dairy cattle as a whole.