2000 m2 for our food
Using 2000 m2 at the “Haus vun der Natur” in Kockelscheuer, we will show the relationships between our dietary habits, agriculture and environmental protection in a very practical, hands-on manner. The 2000 m2 field will show that a sustainable food supply, on the basis of our natural resources, is possible. At the moment, agricultural production plays a minor role in the direct food supply in Luxemburg. Accordingly, the “2000 m2 for our food” project aims to highlight the value of fruit, vegetable and field crop cultivation, because a diverse range of seasonal delights is possible using regionally produced fruits and vegetables. This means: apples and pears instead of mangoes and kiwi. Lentils, peas and regionally produced soybean instead of chick peas from sub-tropical regions.. Being a region with a high proportion of permanent grassland, animal husbandry is very important for Luxemburg and builds an important link to the arable land and crop production, since the organic fertilizers produced by the animals especially enhance soil fertility. Chicken, pig and cow manure play an important role in keeping nitrogen and other important nutrients in the agricultural cycle, maintaining a natural soil fertility and making the use of mineral fertilizers redundant.
The aim of the project partners “Institut fir biologësch Landwirtschaft an Agrakultur Luxemburg” a.s.b.l. (IBLA), “natur & ëmwelt” a.s.b.l. and Co-Labor, is to use this project, financed by the Ministère de l’Environnement, du Climat et du Développement durable, to promote awareness of the arable land that is available for crop production, to encourage reflection about our own dietary habits and consumption patterns as well as to inform about regional and sustainable agriculture.
Integrated analysis of dietary patterns and agricultural practices for sustainable food systems in Luxembourg
lighthouse project: optimization of organic materials cycles of viticulture in luxembourg
Grape marc - from underrated waste product to regionally produced premium fertilizer
Locally produced compost products help to promote humus formation and thus help to protect the climate. The aim of the project is to promote wide support for compost products. There will be demonstration windrows and demonstration plots that can be used for composting courses and workshops. The courses are aimed at farmers, winegrowers and private individuals. In addition, information events and communication activities are carried out that appeal to all social groups.
“schlassbierg” pilot project
The aim of the project is to abandon the use of all mineral fertilisers and chemical-synthetic pesticides in order to analyse the impact that this agricultural practices have on the drinking water quality of the springs. The following questions are addressed in this context:
• What implications does the described procedural change have for the quality of the drinking water springing from the two reinforced sources as well as for the quality of the water springing from the three wild sources, respectively?
• What changes are necessary in order to achieve stable yields despite not using pesticides and mineral fertilisers?
• What levels will crop shortfalls reach?
Sustainable and resource-efficient protein production using various mechanical weed control methods in grain legume cultivation; using soybean as an example
From spring 2018 onwards, five mechanical weed control methods in soybean cultivation are tested and compared under real conditions on three organic farms spread over Luxembourg (Organic farm Mehlen in Manternach, organic farm Emering in Sprinkange und organic farm François in Hostert): 1) harrow, 2) interrow cultivator with duck foot shares, 3) interrow cultivator with duck foot shares and finger weeder, 4) a flexible system, a combination of treatment 1 and 3, while the decision is made according to the actual site and weather conditions and 5) mixed cropping of soybean and camelina in combination with harrow. A negative control, where no weed control is administered, and a positive control, where all weed control is done manually, are considered as well. The trials are implemented each as a one-factorial-exact-trial with 4 replicates. Additionally, an on-farm trial is conducted at the experimental site of the Lycée Technique Agricole in Bettendorf. Weed and soybean biomass and cover, weed species and number of plants/species as well as number of soybean plants are taken before and after each weed treatment as well as at flowering and at harvest to assess the efficiency of the used technique and potential plant damages. The company Geocoptix GmbH complements the assessments with the help of drone-supported aerial photographs using different true colour and multispectral images of the treatments.
The aim of the project is to show modern possibilities of mechanical weed control in grain legume cultivation in order to stimulate sustainable and resource-efficient protein production in Luxembourg.
Farm Mehlen, Manternach
Farm François, Hostert
in organic agriculture in Luxembourg
Variety trials conducted by IBLA for organic agriculture are:
• Winter cereals (winter wheat, winter rye, winter triticale)
• Summer cereals (summer wheat, oats, summer barley
• Peas and field beans
• Summer cereal variety trials in 2014-2016
• Soybean variety trials in 2014
• Clover grass mixture variety trials in 2013-2015
• Pea and faba bean variety trials since 2016
• Potato variety trials since 2016
eu projekt autograssmilk
grassland and animal health eifel
The optimization of permanent grassland, the pasture management, the perennial field forage cultivation and the fodder conservation, in order to improve the efficiency, animal health, value and environmental compatibility of the dairy production in the grassland region.
The objectives of the project are:
• Analysing grassland and forage production with regard to their yields while taking into account their fertilization and cutting times.
• Improving the silage process by reducing the pure protein degradation and indicating alternatives to the silage process.
• Analysing the influence of the grassland and forage production, as well as the conservation methods on the basic feed intake and animal health of the dairy cow, thus improving the profitability of dairy cattle as a whole.